Fertility is the ability of a person to have a biological child. The lack of this ability is called Infertility. Statistics show that infertility has steadily increased over the last dew decades. Having a child is considered to be one of the most precious gifts for a woman. Hence the lack of it affects a person in physical, emotional and psychological ways.
Statistics show that 1 in 6 couples is infertile in India. Some couples suffer from Primary Infertility, which means that they have NEVER conceived. Others may suffer from Secondary Infertility, which means they have conceived at least once in the past.
• 1 in 6 couples are infertile.
• In 40 % of these cases, the problem lies with the male.
• In 40 % of these cases, the problem lies with the female.
• In 10 % of infertile couples, both the male and female have fertility issues.
• In 10% of infertile couples, the exact cause of infertility is known.
Causes Of Infertility In Women
Ovulation Problems: Due to hormonal imbalance or disorders in ovaries, some women may not ovulate at all.
Fibroids: Uterine growths or fibroids make it difficult for a fetus to implant, thereby reducing chances of conception.
Blocked Tubes: Since the ovum has to travel from the ovaries to the uterus through the Fallopian Tubes, a blockage is a common reason for infertility.
Inhospitable Environment: Due to immunological factors, a woman’s uterus may be inhospitable for sperms, or may not allow implantation.
Endometriosis: This is a condition where the uterine lining forms in different parts of the reproductive tract, thereby blocking the tubes or disturbing ovulation.
PCOD: Polycystic Ovarian Disease is one of the biggest reasons for infertility and irregular periods. Small cysts are formed in the ovaries, due to which the volume of the ovary increases. This disturbs the ovulation process as well as the hormonal balance.
Age/Ovarian Failure: Fertility is on a constant decline after age of 30. So as a woman grows older, she becomes more and more infertile. Sometimes the ovaries have no follicles at all due to medical treatments etc. This is called an ovarian failure.
If you have been trying to conceive for over 12 months, without success, it is time for a visit to the doctor. Your doctor will give you a list of investigations to be done for both yourself and your partner. This is essential to pin point the cause of infertility. Only after you know the cause, can the doctor begin your fertility treatment.
In our next article in this series, we will discuss ways in which you can improve your fertility by just altering your lifestyle. Till then, be healthy!