Economic Empowerment of Women

By First Posted: Mar 19, 2007 Mon 11:30 AM Updated: Oct 14, 2013 Mon 8:09 PM
Economic Empowerment of Women
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Though women play a significant role in the progress of the countrys economy, their share in economic benefits, opportunities and access to resources is not proportionate to their numbers. Increasing poverty, despite structural adjustment programmes and globalization, disproportionately impacts women too. The following measures are to be undertaken to avert the economic crunch.

Poverty Eradication: Affirming Government policies for poverty alleviation of the poorest of the poor, and in particular of women and endorsing the provision of safety nets, food support schemes, and dolling out funds. Making housing schemes accessible to women and promoting equality.

Equality of Women: The principle of gender equality is enshrined in the Indian Constitution. The Constitution also empowers the State to adopt special measures in Favour of women.

Rights Safeguarded: Our laws, development policies, plans and programmes have aimed at womens advancement in different spheres. The 73rd and 74th Amendments (1993) to the Constitution of India have provided for reservation of seats in the local bodies or Panchayats and Municipalities for women.

Different Steps: India has also ratified various international conventions and human rights instruments, thereby committing to secure equal rights of women. The key one among them is the ratification of the Convention on Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination Against Women (CEDAW) in 1993. Womens movement and various non- government organizations too have contributed to the cause.

The Gap: However, there still exists a gap between the goals enunciated in the Constitution and the situational reality of the status of women in India. Gender disparity manifests itself in various forms, the most obvious ration in the population. Violence against women at the domestic and societal levels are some of the other manifestations. Discrimination against girl children still persists in parts of the country.

The underlying causes of gender inequality are related to social and economic structure. So, women in general remain largely marginalized, poor and socially excluded.

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