GERD is a fairly common term that you have possibly heard. GERD is the acronym for Gastroesophageal Refulx Disease. For some people, acidity is a problem they have to sometimes deal with. But for people suffering from GERD, acid refulx is an extremely painful problem that occurs with regularity and high intensity.
What is GERD? There is a sphincter (ring of muscles) in your body which is called the Lower Esophageal Sphincter (LES). It connects the esophagus with the stomach. The LES opens to allow food to pass over into the stomach, and closes to prevent contents of stomach from rushing up into the esophagus. The LES is unable to do this properly in a GERD patient. It relaxes or opens when not needed, causing acid and other contents of stomach to be regurgitated into the esophagus.
GERD is not only painful, it can also cause further diseases like esophagus or throat cancers.
How to Prevent GERD?
The good news is that GERD is easily preventable.
- Avoid fatty foods or fried foods. Foods high in fat cause the LES to relax and thereby causing reflux.
- Avoid hot and spicy food.
- Avoid beverages like hot coffee.
- Cut down on alcohol consumption.
- Avoid eating citrus fruit, lemon based foods and drinks, tomatoes and vinegar.
- Eat small meals and keep them light.
If required, speak with a doctor. Home medications include over the counter antacids. But for a more comprehensive solution, seek medical help.